Peripheral nerve microsurgery
Peripheral nerve injuries present a significant diagnostic and therapeutic problem. They are associated with motor and sensory deficits in the innervation area of the involved nerve, and thus considerably interfere with the function of the affected extremity, even to the point of disability. In cases of peripheral nerve injuries, primary or secondary reconstruction may be done by nerve suture, nerve transplant, conduit methods, or neurolysis procedures. The surgery is performed with the help of microscopes or surgical loupes and the use of special microsurgical instruments and suturing materials, by a team of physicians with special training in microsurgical techniques. The postoperative treatment in these cases requires immobilization followed by intense physical therapy.